The peanut, also known as the groundnut and the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legumecrop grown mainly for its edible seeds. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. It is classified as both a grain legume and, because of its high oil content, an oil crop
The protein content ranges from 22-30% of calories making peanuts a rich plant-based protein source. The most abundant proteins in peanuts, arachin and conarachin, can be severely allergenic to some people, causing life-threatening reactions
Peanuts are low in carbs.
In fact, the carb content is only about 13-16% of total weight
Being low in carbs and high in protein, fat, and fibers, peanuts have a very low glycemic index which is a measure of how quickly carbs enter the bloodstream after a meal.
This makes them particularly suitable for people with diabetes.
Peanuts are an excellent source of various vitamins and minerals.
The following vitamins and minerals are in particularly high amounts in peanuts
Biotin: Peanuts are one of the richest dietary sources of biotin, which is particularly important during pregnancy
Copper: A dietary trace mineral that is often low in the Western diet. Copper deficiency may have adverse effects on heart health
Niacin: Also known as vitamin B3, niacin has various important functions in the body. Niacin has been linked with reduced risk of heart disease
Folate: Also known as vitamin B9 or folic acid, folate has many essential functions and is especially important in pregnancy
Manganese: A trace element found in drinking water and most foods.
Vitamin E: A powerful antioxidant, often found in high amounts in fatty foods.
Thiamin: One of the B-vitamins, also known as vitamin B1. It helps the body's cells convert carbs into energy, and is essential for the function of the heart, muscles, and nervous system.
Phosphorus: Peanuts are a good source of phosphorus, a mineral that plays an essential role in the growth and maintenance of body tissues.